A Qualified Clinical Data Registry, or QCDR, is a CMS-approved entity that collects medical and/or clinical data for the purpose of patient and disease tracking to foster improvement in the quality of care provided to patients. In 2008, CMS began the program now called the Physician Quality Reporting System (PQRS), and created a reporting mechanism by which specialized registries could transmit quality data on behalf of providers. The Chronic Disease Registry (CDR) was one of the original registries CMS recognized for quality reporting. In 2014, CMS introduced a new reporting mechanism called a Qualified Clinical Data Registry (QCDR). The Chronic Disease Registry was again among the first to be recognized as a QCDR, and began a family of registries for specific quality purposes, including the US Wound Registry (USWR) and US Podiatry Registry (USPR). A QCDR completes the collection and submission of quality measures data on behalf of eligible professionals (EPs). To be considered a QCDR, an entity must self-nominate and successfully complete a rigorous qualification process. However, an important distinction about a QCDR is that it can actually DEVELOP quality measures which providers can report for QPP credit. That is how the USWR / USPR is able to provide quality measures specific to the practice of wound care and podiatry that can be reported for quality programs.
Under the new MACRA legislation and Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), QCDRs take on special importance because nearly every part of MIPS involves some aspect of QCDR participation.